Artificial Intelligence, Tax Administrations, and Love Letters

When you spend more than 40 years of your adult life in one particular field it’s close to impossible to not think about or recall subjects related to that experience. In my case it was tax administration. And yes, I do recall several experiences and ponder on novel ideas facing tax administration. But believe me, it’s not every day. Let’s say, it may happen a few times a month. There are way too many other pleasant things to do in life than pondering, “what was the average cost of collection in Central Asia in 2022?”

But during the last month an artificial intelligence application, ChatGPT, has been getting loads of attention. (ChatGPT is a chatbot developed by OpenAI and launched in November 2022. Microsoft is a major financial contributor of OpenAI. OpenAI was founded in 2015 by Sam Altman and Elon Musk. Elon Musk??? Why am I not surprised!) As a bonafide geek my attention was drawn to all this noise about ChatGPT and I needed to check it out. I created an account and began exploring the potential of this application. It blew me away! Wow! This thing had knowledge. That’s why the news made so much noise about the application passing a Harvard masters exam.

Let’s get back to tax administration and the ChatGPT application. I decided to ask ChatGPT to write some paragraphs for me related to a basic matter in all tax administrations: 1) what is the most effective organizational structure; 2) what are options for an operational structure; and, 3) regarding organizational and operational structures what factors need to be considered in this age of advanced technology?

While short of a panacea for all issues, ChatGPT’s replies were very insightful. Here are the questions and replies:


  1. What is the most effective organizational structure for a tax administration?

The most effective organizational structure for a tax administration can vary depending on the size and complexity of the organization, as well as the country’s political and economic environment. However, there are several common structures that have proven to be effective.

One common structure is a centralized structure, where the authority and responsibility for tax administration is centralized in a single agency. This can be effective in ensuring consistency and fairness in tax policy and enforcement, and can also be easier to manage.

Another structure is a decentralized structure, where tax administration responsibilities are distributed among several regional or local offices. This can be effective in allowing for closer interaction with taxpayers and a better understanding of local conditions, but can also lead to inconsistency in tax policy and enforcement.

A hybrid structure, combining elements of both centralized and decentralized structures, can also be effective. For example, a central agency could be responsible for setting tax policy, while local offices are responsible for tax collection and enforcement.

Ultimately, the most effective organizational structure for a tax administration will depend on the specific needs and circumstances of the country, and may change over time as the organization evolves. It’s important for tax administrators to regularly review and assess their organizational structure to ensure it remains effective and efficient.


  1. What are the options for the operational structure of a tax administration?

The operational structure of a tax administration refers to the way in which the tax administration functions and carries out its responsibilities. There are several options for the operational structure of a tax administration, including:

  1. Functional structure: In this structure, the tax administration is organized into functional units based on the type of work performed, such as assessment, collection, enforcement, or customer service. Each unit is responsible for performing a specific function, and there is a clear line of authority and responsibility within the organization.
  2. Process-based structure: In this structure, the tax administration is organized into units based on the processes or activities performed, such as registration, filing, payment, or audits. This structure is designed to ensure that each process is performed efficiently and effectively.
  3. Geographical structure: In this structure, the tax administration is organized into units based on geographical locations, such as regions or states. This structure allows for the local administration of taxes, with the ability to tailor policies and procedures to the needs of specific areas.
  4. Hybrid structure: In this structure, elements of several different structures are combined to create a unique organizational design. For example, a tax administration may have a functional structure for certain activities, such as assessment and collection, and a geographical structure for others, such as customer service and outreach.

It is important to note that the optimal operational structure for a tax administration will depend on the specific needs and circumstances of the organization. Factors such as the size of the organization, the complexity of the tax system, and the resources available will all play a role in determining the best structure.


  1. What should be the operational structure of tax administrations in this advanced age of technology?

In this advanced age of technology, the operational structure of tax administrations should be modernized and optimized to take advantage of the latest technological advancements. Some key elements of a technologically advanced tax administration include:

  1. Digital transformation: Tax administrations should aim to digitize all aspects of their operations, from tax reporting and payment to tax audits and collections. This will increase efficiency, reduce errors and fraud, and improve the overall taxpayer experience.
  2. Data analytics: Tax administrations should leverage big data and artificial intelligence to analyze tax data in real-time, identify trends and patterns, and detect potential tax fraud and evasion.
  3. Automation: Automation can streamline repetitive and manual tasks, freeing up staff to focus on higher-level tasks and improving overall productivity.
  4. Cybersecurity: As tax systems become increasingly digital, it is important for tax administrations to prioritize cybersecurity to protect sensitive taxpayer information and prevent fraud.
  5. Collaboration: Tax administrations should work closely with other government agencies, private sector organizations, and international tax organizations to share information and best practices.
  6. Taxpayer service: In a digital age, it is important for tax administrations to provide taxpayers with online self-service portals and other tools that allow them to interact with the tax administration in a convenient and user-friendly manner.

By embracing technology and modernizing their operations, tax administrations can become more efficient, effective, and responsive to the needs of taxpayers and the broader community.

Replies to each question were provided in less than 10 seconds for each question. Amazing!

Overall, I am very impressed with all the replies provided by ChatGPT. Two particular points made by ChatGPT on question number 3 are of major interest. Specifically, item #5 which addresses the need for collaboration — other government agencies, private sector, international organizations. This has been part of the CIAT organization’s mantra since it’s foundation — collaborate, communicate, cooperate. Secondly, I liked the need for taxpayer service. When it comes to evaluating this topic, very few tax administrations receive outstanding ratings. So, it’s very satisfying to see that ChatGPT addressed these two issues.

What’s my bottom-line regarding this type of artificial intelligence? Well, my point is that today there are loads of tools for tax administrations who which to seek avenues of improvement. And science and technology certainly are an option. No longer is it simply developing and using algorithms to determine taxpayers to audit. With applications like ChatGPT basically any area of tax administration can use this helpful tool. Certainly, in the very near future we will see more artificial intelligence applications like ChatGPT.

And as I come to an end, let me ask you, how are your love-letter writing skills these days? Yes, there’s an app for that.

I discussed ChatGPT with my brother-in-law and informed him of the versatility of the application. He said that his 40th wedding anniversary with my sister was coming up and to ask ChatGPT to write a letter for him. So, the request made to ChatGPT was, “Write my wife Maria a love letter for our 40th wedding anniversary.” To which in 7.3 seconds ChatGPT replied:

My dearest Maria,

As I sit down to write this letter on our 40th wedding anniversary, I am filled with so much love and gratitude for the life we have shared together. These past 40 years have been a journey filled with laughter, love, and joy. Every moment spent with you has been a blessing, and I am so grateful to have you by my side as my partner, my best friend, and my soulmate.

I still remember the day we first met, and I knew from the moment I saw you that you were the one for me. Your smile lit up the room, and I was drawn to your infectious laugh and kind heart. As the years went by, I fell more and more in love with you. The way you care for others, the strength and courage you possess, and your unwavering love for our family have only deepened my love for you.

You have been my rock, my support system, and my constant companion through all of life’s ups and downs. You have been there for me through every triumph and every challenge, always offering a shoulder to lean on, a hand to hold, and a listening ear. You have taught me what true love and devotion are, and I am so grateful to have you as my wife.

On this special day, I want to express my love and gratitude for all that you have done for me and for our family. I promise to continue to love you, to cherish you, and to support you in all that you do. I look forward to spending many more anniversaries with you, building memories and growing old together.

With all my love and gratitude,


WOW! Almost made me cry.

¡Adiós! Hope you enjoyed my brief blog.

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Disclaimer. Readers are informed that the views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in the text belong solely to the author, and not necessarily to the author's employer, organization, committee or other group the author might be associated with, nor to the Executive Secretariat of CIAT. The author is also responsible for the precision and accuracy of data and sources.

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